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What Is Forex Trading? A Beginner’s Guide

What Is Forex Trading? A Beginner’s Guide

The abbreviation (FX) stands for foreign [currency] and exchange. Foreign exchange is the conversion of one currency into another for a variety of purposes, typically business, trade, or travel. The daily global volume for FX trading hit $7.5 trillion in 2023, according to a 2023 triennial report from the Bank for International Settlements (a global bank for national central banks).

What Is Forex Trading? A Beginner’s Guide

Currency exchange takes place on the foreign exchange market. The lack of a central marketplace is the feature that distinguishes this global market the most. Instead, over the counter (OTC) electronic currency trading takes place. This implies that rather than taking place on a single centralised exchange, all transactions take place over computer networks among dealers worldwide.


How Do Forex Markets Operate?

The only really nonstop and continuous trading market in the world is the foreign exchange market. In the past, institutional businesses and sizable banks that represented clients dominated the currency market. However, it has evolved in recent years to become increasingly geared towards retail investors and traders of all sizes.


The absence of any physical structures serving as trading venues is an intriguing feature of the global FX markets. Instead, it consists of a network of linked trading terminals and computers. Institutions, investment banks, commercial banks, and private investors from different countries all participate in the market.


Types of Markets

Spot, forward, and futures markets make up the majority of the forex market. Due to the fact that the spot market serves as the "underlying" asset for the forwards and futures markets, it is the largest of the three markets. The spot market is typically mentioned when individuals discuss the foreign exchange market.


Companies and financial institutions who need to hedging their foreign exchange risks out to a certain future date tend to prefer the forwards and futures markets.

Spot Market

According to their trading price, currencies are purchased and sold on the spot market. This price is established by the laws of supply and demand and is computed using a number of criteria, including:

  • Current interest rates
  • Economic performance 
  • Geopolitical sentiment
  • Price speculation


A spot deal is a contract that has been agreed upon in the spot market. A specified amount of another currency is received at the agreed-upon exchange rate value in a bilateral transaction when one party provides an agreed-upon currency amount to the counterparty. A position is settled in cash after it is closed.


Despite the fact that the spot market is frequently thought of as one that deals with present-day (as opposed to future-day) transactions, the settlement time for these trades is two days.

How to Start Trading Forex ?

Equity trading and forex trading are comparable. Here are some actions you can take to begin your forex trading experience.


  1. Learn about forex: Although it is not difficult, trading forex is a task that calls for specialised knowledge and a dedication to learning.
  2. Create a trading plan: Although timing and market prediction are not always achievable, having a trading strategy will help you establish broad principles and a road map for trading.
  3. Create a brokerage account: To begin trading foreign exchange, you will need a forex trading account at a brokerage.
  4. Keep track of your numbers at all times: After you start trading, check your positions. A daily accounting of trades is already offered by the majority of trading software. Make sure you have enough money in your account to execute future trades and that there are no open positions that need to be filled.
  5. Develop emotional balance because learning how to trade FX can be emotionally taxing and leave you with many unanswered questions. Maintain the discipline to close out your holdings as needed.


Basic Forex Trading Strategies

Long and short trades are the two most fundamental types of forex trading. In a long transaction, the trader wagers that the value of the currency will rise and that they will be able to benefit from it. A short trade is a wager that the price of the currency pair will fall. To hone their approach to trading, traders can also use technical analysis-based trading methods like breakout and moving averages.


Trading strategies can be further divided into four categories based on the length and volume of trades:

  • A scalp trade consists of accumulative positions that are held for little longer than a few seconds or minutes, and the profit margins are constrained in terms of pip values.

  • Short-term trades known as day trades involve holding and liquidating holdings on the same day. A day trade can last for hours or minutes.
    • A position transaction involves holding the currency for a lengthy time—months or even years—by the trader.


    Charts Used in Forex Trading

    Bar Charts

    Bar charts offer more price information than line charts, as they do in other applications. Each bar chart shows the opening, highest, lowest, and closing prices (OHLC) for each deal for a single trading day. The opening price of the day is indicated on the left by a dash, and the closing price is indicated on the right by a similar dash. Sometimes, colours are used to represent price change; green or white are used to represent periods of rising prices, while red or black are used to represent periods of declining prices.


    When trading currencies, bar charts can be used to show whether a market is more favourable to buyers or sellers.


    Line Charts

    For a currency, line charts are used to determine broad patterns. They are the most fundamental and typical kind of chart that forex traders utilise. They show the currency's closing trading price for the time periods that the user has chosen. A line chart's trend lines can be utilised to create trading strategies. For instance, you can use the data in a trend line to spot breakouts or a shift in the direction of the trend for rising or falling prices.


    A line chart is frequently utilised as the beginning point for additional trading analysis, despite its value. 


    Candlestick Charts

    Candlestick charts were first utilised by Japanese rice traders in the 18th century. Compared to the aforementioned chart kinds, they are easier to read and more aesthetically pleasing. The beginning price and highest price point of a currency are shown in the upper portion of a candle, while the closing price and lowest price point are shown in the lower portion. An up candle denotes a period of rising prices and is tinted green or white, whereas a down candle is a period of falling prices and is shaded red or black.


    Candlestick charts' patterns and shapes are used to determine the direction and movement of the market. Hanging man and shooting star are two of the candlestick charts' more popular shapes.



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